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There are three types of cybersecurity solutions that a business must have.
Back in the ’80s and early ’90s computer security was a lot different than it is today. The first attack on the Internet occurred when Robert Morris released a “worm” back in 1988. This particular worm consisted of no more than a few dozen lines of code. It resulted in approximately 10 percent of all computers at the time crashing in what was the first official global cyberattack. There were practically no barriers in computer security at the time to prevent this attack. After this incident, viruses and bugs became more prevalent. This resulted in the creation of antivirus software. This was the beginning of constant cybersecurity threats and the race to keep up with securing hardware and software systems.
During the ’90s and the beginning of the 2000s, most companies felt secure using antivirus software. Most viruses at the time seemed motivated by thrill seekers and those looking to vandalize systems. In 2007, however, a major data breach showed companies how vulnerable they really were. TJ Maxx experienced a hack which compromised their database and affected over 90 million credit cards. Computer hacking had now turned into a high-stakes, money-making industry. Malware was evolving faster than antivirus software could keep up. Software at the time could only identify and remove viruses that had already been known to exist and were then cataloged. As personal computers became commonplace, hackers were able to create and release malware faster than the current forms of cybersecurity could keep up. Malware now includes a variety of different viruses and bugs that can wreak havoc in almost any computer system.
In 1999, there were approximately 250 different computer viruses being discovered on a daily basis. In 2016, there were about 250 new types being identified every second. Antivirus software is now outdated as a variety of malicious programs are continually being released. Malware is now an umbrella term for a growing list of computer risks. These risks include Trojans, spyware, worms, viruses, scareware, ransomware, and spam. Local software is simply not enough to manage these different types of threats and delivery methods. An organization needs several layers of security to protect data and all operating systems.
Perimeter security is your first line of defense against all types of cyberattack. This is what protects an organization from Internet threats. Only one weakness in all of an organization’s connections can allow malware to invade and spread across an entire network. Because companies now use a variety of cloud technologies, web services, and mobile devices, there are more vulnerabilities that must be monitored. A strong security framework around the entire perimeter is necessary to protect all of a company’s systems. The key is to control access to critical data, services, and applications while denying suspicious activity and known threats. There are several specific ways to provide this type of perimeter security.
No matter how effective the perimeter security is, it can’t keep an employee from plugging into damaged hardware or outdated software. An organization still needs a few more layers of security to provide the best protection possible. Intranet security involves protecting local networks, computers, and devices. It’s still imperative to protect individual devices to provide complete cybersecurity protection.
When cyberattacks make the news it’s usually about massive malware attacks or hackers operating on the other side of the planet. This leads many organizations to believe that these are the biggest threats they need to worry about. Humans, however, are almost always the weakest link in a company. Research continually shows that insiders, whether intentionally or not, are often the biggest threat to a company’s security. Everything from using weak passwords to opening unsolicited emails can cause severe security breaches. This means ongoing employee training is a critical aspect of any effective cybersecurity plan. This could include conducting in-house seminars or relying on third-party consulting and support. There are several specific areas that an organization should focus on when training their employees.
After employee training has been put in place, regular security tests should be conducted. This will enable an organization to find out where there are still weak spots and in what areas employees may need further training and education. Something as simple as quizzes can test whether employees understand how to identify phishing threats or know what data can be shared and with whom. It’s also necessary to simulate attacks to find out how employees will respond. These types of tests should be carried out on a regular basis. It’s recommended to carry out security tests several times each year.
Something as simple as workplace inspections to check the physical environment of an organization should also be carried out on a regular basis. Inspections could include checking for passwords and account numbers physically written and left on a workspace as well as making sure security cameras are in working order and covering all intended areas. The highest level of security will only be in place when perimeter security, intranet security, and human security are each working at their highest levels and in conjunction with one another. The goal of ongoing testing is to develop employees that can think critically and are able to defend against different types of threats.
Because the threats an organization faces today are increasingly complex, putting together a personalized security plan is crucial. Creating a personalized cybersecurity plan will enable an organization to precisely meet their own individual security needs. What works for one organization won’t necessarily provide the most effective results for another. Everything from the type of employee training that is needed to personalized firewalls and IPS must specifically cater to each individual organization. What exactly is needed will be dependent on several factors including the company’s industry, size, and location.
The key is to expertly combine perimeter, intranet, and human security in a way that provides the highest level of security for each company. The complex threats to a company’s sensitive data and overall security requires a plan that is both sophisticated and customized. To put together a cybersecurity plan like that would require time and resources that most organizations simply don’t have. A managed IT team can provide a company with cybersecurity expertise 24/7. An IT provider brings together a team of security experts with years of experience protecting data and managing operating systems.
Blue Star provides managed IT services that include consulting, security, maintenance, monitoring, and backup. They can help an organization put together a personalized security plan that fits their specific needs for a fixed monthly rate. Blue Star can help a variety of industries including healthcare, manufacturing, non-profits, and a mixture of professional services. Blue Star serves several areas in South Western Michigan and North Central Indiana. Contact Blue Star today for more information.Published on 4th February 2019 by Jon Morningstar
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